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Home » Obtaining Canadian Citizenship Through Marriage: A Comprehensive Guide

Obtaining Canadian Citizenship Through Marriage: A Comprehensive Guide

    Canada is known for its welcoming and diverse society, making it an attractive destination for individuals seeking a better life. If you are married to a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada, you may have the opportunity to obtain Canadian citizenship through marriage. This article will provide you with a comprehensive guide on the steps, requirements, and important considerations for acquiring Canadian citizenship through marriage.

    Step 1: Establishing Eligibility

    Before you can begin the process of obtaining Canadian citizenship through marriage, certain eligibility criteria must be met:
    1. Your spouse must be a Canadian citizen or a permanent resident of Canada.
    2. You must have lived in Canada for at least 1,095 days (three years) out of the last five years before applying.
    3. You must file your taxes for at least three years within the five-year period, if required under the Income Tax Act.

    Step 2: Obtaining Permanent Residency

    If you are not already a permanent resident of Canada, you will need to apply for permanent residency first. Common pathways include:

    1. Family Sponsorship:

    Your spouse can sponsor your application for permanent residency.

    2. Express Entry:

    If you are eligible for Express Entry based on your skills and qualifications, you can apply for permanent residency independently and later include your spouse in the application.

    Step 3: Meeting the Physical Presence Requirement

    To qualify for Canadian citizenship, you must physically reside in Canada for at least 1,095 days out of the last five years before applying. These days do not need to be consecutive.

    Step 4: Preparing Documentation

    When applying for Canadian citizenship through marriage, you will need to gather the following essential documents:
    1. Proof of permanent residency.
    2. Proof of meeting the physical presence requirement.
    3. Language proficiency proof (usually in English or French).
    4. Tax documents.
    5. Marriage certificate or evidence of a genuine marriage.
    6. Police clearance certificates from all countries you have lived in for more than six months.

    Step 5: Passing the Citizenship Test and Interview

    Applicants aged 18-54 must take a written test on Canadian history, values, institutions, and symbols. Additionally, you may be required to attend an interview to assess your language skills and verify the information provided in your application.

    Step 6: Submitting the Application

    Once you have gathered all the required documentation, you can submit your Canadian citizenship application. Ensure that your application is complete and accurate, and pay the applicable processing fee.

    Step 7: Waiting for a Decision

    Citizenship applications can take several months to process. During this time, Citizenship and Immigration Canada will review your application, conduct background checks, and verify your eligibility.

    Step 8: Attending the Citizenship Ceremony

    If your application is approved, you will receive an invitation to attend a citizenship ceremony. During this ceremony, you will take the Oath of Citizenship, officially becoming a Canadian citizen.


    Obtaining Canadian citizenship through marriage is a significant milestone in your journey to becoming a part of Canada’s diverse and inclusive society. It’s crucial to meet the eligibility requirements, gather all necessary documents, and go through the application process diligently. While this guide provides a general overview, it is highly recommended to consult the official Citizenship and Immigration Canada website or seek legal advice for the most up-to-date and accurate information regarding Canadian citizenship through marriage.